CSS text-align Property for Horizontal Alignment

In web design, proper alignment of text content is crucial for readability and visual appeal. CSS (Cascading Style Sheets) provides a versatile property called text-align for controlling the horizontal alignment of text within its containing element. In this guide, we’ll explore the text-align property in CSS, its various values, and how to use it effectively to align text horizontally.

Introduction to the text-align Property

The text-align property in CSS is used to specify the horizontal alignment of text content within its containing element. It applies to block-level elements such as <div>, <p>, and heading elements (<h1> to <h6>), as well as inline elements with block-level properties applied to them.

Basic Values of text-align


The left value aligns text content to the left side of its containing element. This is the default alignment for most languages written from left to right.


The right value aligns text content to the right side of its containing element. This is commonly used for languages written from right to left, such as Arabic or Hebrew.


The center value horizontally centers text content within its containing element. This is often used for creating visually balanced layouts.


The justify value aligns text content to both the left and right sides of its containing element, creating a clean and uniform appearance. It adjusts the spacing between words to fill the entire width of the container.

Implementation of text-align in CSS

To apply the text-align property to text elements in CSS, you can use the following syntax:


Replace .selector with the appropriate CSS selector targeting the desired text elements, and value with one of the text-align values mentioned above.

Best Practices for Using text-align

  • Consistency: Maintain consistent text alignment throughout your website to create a cohesive visual experience for users.
  • Accessibility: Consider readability and accessibility when choosing text alignment, ensuring that text is easy to read and understand.
  • Responsive Design: Test text alignment across different screen sizes and devices to ensure optimal readability and appearance on all platforms.


The CSS text-align property is a powerful tool for controlling the horizontal alignment of text content within web design layouts. By understanding its basic values, implementing best practices, and considering accessibility and responsiveness, designers can create visually appealing and user-friendly websites with well-aligned text content.


  1. How does the text-align property differ from text-align-last in CSS?
  2. Can I use text-align to align images or other non-text elements?
  3. What happens if I apply text-align: center to a block-level element with a fixed width?
  4. Are there any browser compatibility issues with using text-align in CSS?
  5. How can I vertically align text within its containing element using CSS?

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